Internal Medicine

The Ruesch Clinic involves professionals of different medical backgrounds in this area of the clinic. 

General information

Internal medicine is the specialization of purely the medicine area, in contrast to the surgical one. The main objectives of the internist doctor is to treat the patient entirety, with all the different organs and systems that are autonomous but also integrated with each other to complete and thus form the human organism.

What makes up a visit to an internist doctor:

  • The anamnesis: for anamnesis means the clinical history to which the doctor arrives through the patient’s stories;
  • medical semeiotics: a real visit by the doctor that allows a good and precise diagnosis
  • instrumental investigations: investigations that may or may not be invasive, which the internist doctor uses to be able to give the patient a diagnosis.

The medical internist, is dedicated to assisting patients suffering from autoimmune, hepatological, gastroenterological, rheumatological and allergological disorders. Not only the problems of internal medicine are all those that do not require a surgical approach to the patient.

The internist doctor then evaluates the patient’s condition taking into consideration the patient’s entire psychophysical situation, analyzing his physical and psychological symptoms and analyzing it entirely to then be able to give a precise diagnosis and prescribe a therapy for the treatment of diagnosed diseases or, if he considers it necessary, direct the patient to another specialist.


The history of internal medicine

The history of internal medicine dates back to the late nineteenth century, when in Germany in 1882 in Wiesbaden there was the first congress of this field of medicine. The name of the congress was “Innere Medizin” and in that historical period specialists were mentioned who combined laboratory experiments with patient care.

This specialist is dedicated to the medicine of the different apparatuses and of the single organs, such as the respiratory system (and therefore the lungs), the cardiovascular system (with the heart and the whole circulatory system), digestive system (stomach, intestine, rectum), kidneys, system hematopoietic, the endocrine system (that of our lymph nodes and not only), but also infectious diseases, immune diseases and rheumatic problems. It is therefore a decidedly vast subject, whose purpose is to deal with patients who can present complex pictures, suffering from multiple pathologies, or with symptoms that concern different organs, and which therefore cannot be of specific competence of a single specialist .

In these cases, the internal doctor can make a diagnosis and act effectively against these patients.

The name of internal medicine was most likely born in 1939 in Italy, precisely on the occasion of the Congress of Italian Scientists in Pisa. The term seems to have originated in opposition to “external medicine”, which referred to surgery.

When to go to the internist doctor and why?

You need to contact a specialist in Internal Medicine when you need to have an overall assessment of your state of mental and physical health and make a judgment of good health or, on the contrary, if you need to intervene with therapies. Generally when you feel a discomfort or feel the need to have a medical opinion, in the first instance it would be right then contact an internist doctor. He is in fact in these cases the most suitable specialist who can possibly refer the patient to specialists in the sector once he has identified the discomfort to which the patient suffers.

What background should a internist doctor have?

The internist is the one who has a extensive knowledge of basic medicine in addition to the concepts of emergency medicine and disease prevention. They are therefore specialized in the treatment of patients with composite pictures or very general symptoms, or generally concerning more organs since the knowledge of the doctor specialized in internal medicine is not limited to a single organ but to the entire anatomical system.

In order to become an internist physician it is first necessary to have completed the six-year course of study at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, to then obtain a specialization in Internal Medicine. Internal medicine includes a composite education that goes into different fields such as medical semeiotics, instrumental medical semeiotics and medical pathophysiology, clinical methodology, general medicine, geriatrics and gerontology, allergology, etc.

What are the diseases most treated?

Among the most common pathologies in the field of internal medicine we see:

  • metabolism disorders
  • immune disorders
  • hormonal disorders
  • disorders affecting the liver
  • infections and cardiovascular diseases
  • lung diseases
  • diseases of the kidneys
  • blood disorders
  • pathologies of the digestive system
  • tumors

Internal Medicine Naples

The best medical specialists in Naples belong to the Ruesch Clinic, forming a pool of top-level professionals capable of satisfying every health need for all our Neapolitan patients or those from other regions of Italy.


Alta tecnologia e strumentazioni di grande qualità sono un punto di forza della clinica


Profili medici riconoscibili e sempre disponibili a fornire un consulto professionale


La clinica è situata in una posizione strategia ed è facilmente accessibile ai nostri pazienti

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